Gupta教授是国际洁净煤利用研究领域知名学者,Ian Graham教授 澳大利亚新南威尔士大学

 信息科学     |      2019-12-23 19:36

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11月27日下午2:30,由动院邀请来我校的Dr. Rajender Gupta教授在紫金校区综合楼318教室作了题目为《Research of Clean coal technology in University of Alberta》的学术报告。动力工程学院院长赵孝保教授及众多老师、研究生和高年级本科生参加了报告。 Dr. Rajender Gupta教授是国际洁净煤利用研究领域知名学者,1985年在澳大利亚Newcastle大学获得博士学位,现任加拿大Alberta大学化学与材料工程系教授,曾获得美国匹斯堡煤科学最佳论文奖和美国工程基金会Richard Bryer奖,是国际燃烧学会和美国化学工程师学会高级会员,曾在国际学术期刊和会议上发表了150多篇学术论文。在洁净煤研究领域与美国电力研究所、英国帝国理工大学和我国清华大学等许多国际知名研究机构建立了良好的合作关系。此次报告全场用英文讲解,Dr. Rajender Gupta教授详细、中肯地介绍了自己研究团队的研究工作,希望能够借此机会与南京师范大学动力工程学院建立长期、友好的学术交流渠道。 报告中,Dr. Rajender Gupta教授从洁净煤利用技术对当前控制全球气候变暖及燃煤污染物排放所具有的重大意义开始,阐述了现在国际上最先进的洁净煤利用的技术手段和加拿大Alberta大学在该方向上的最新研究进展,就此分以下几个方面展开了讲解:“Oxyfiring Combustion of Coal for capturing CO2 from fossil fuel combustion and sequestration of CO2”,“Trace elemental emission and control in pre-combustion and post-combustion of coal”,“Combustion and Gasification of Coal and Biomass”, “Advanced Coal and Biomass Characterisation Techniques”,“Mineral matter in Coal and Thermal Performance of Boilers”, 最后通过一个加拿大正在消融的、美丽的大湖冰川照片,为我们展示了控制温室气体和燃煤污染物排放的紧迫性。随后Dr. Rajender Gupta教授回答了师生的问题并与参会人员进行了热烈的讨论和交流。 Dr. Rajender Gupta教授的此次学术报告给我院与会师生提供了一次难得的、在全英语环境下的学术交流机会,给了大家很大的启发和激励。

近日,在加拿大卡尔加里举行的第34届国际有机岩石学大会上,中国矿业大学资源学院代世峰教授荣获国际Dal Swaine奖。

Coal, a combustible organic rock [1] composed primarily of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen [2]. Coal is burned to produce energy and is used to manufacture steel. It is also an important source of chemicals used to make medicine, fertilizers, pesticides [3], and other products. Coal comes from ancient plants buried over millions of years in Earth’s crust [4], its outermost layer [5]. Coal, petroleum, natural gas, and oil shale [6] are all known as fossil fuels [7] because they come from the remains of ancient life buried deep in the crust.

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必赢,Dal Swaine奖是为纪念著名的澳大利亚能源地质学家Dal Swaine而设立的。Dal Swaine在煤的地球化学和环境地球化学领域作出了杰出的贡献,该奖以其名字命名,以表彰在煤和烃源岩地球化学领域作出重要贡献的科学家,每年只奖励一项研究成果。代世峰教授和澳大利亚新南威尔士大学Ian Graham、Colin Ward教授因对煤中稀土元素的研究共同获得该奖,获奖成果为论文A review of anomalous rare earth elements and yttrium in coal(该成果2016年发表在国际著名期刊International Journal of Coal Geology,159卷,82-95页,作者:Shifeng Dai, Ian T. Graham, Colin R. Ward)。

Coal is rich in hydrocarbons [www.56.net,8](compounds made up of the elements hydrogen and carbon). All life forms contain hydrocarbons, and in general, material that contains hydrocarbons is called organic material. Coal originally formed from ancient plants that died, decomposed, and were buried under layers of sediment [9] during the Carboniferous Period [10], about 360 million to 290 million years ago. As more and more layers of sediment formed over this decomposed plant material, the overburden [11] exerted increasing heat and weight on the organic matter. Over millions of years, these physical conditions caused coal to form from the carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, and inorganic mineral [12] compounds in the plant matter. The coal formed in layers known as seams.

报告题目:1. Mineral matter Analytical techniques

据悉,这是中国大陆科学家首次获得该奖项,以往获奖者主要来自美国、新西兰、澳大利亚、加拿大、日本、德国、瑞士等国。

Plant matter changes into coal in stages. In each successive stage, higher pressure and heat from the accumulating overburden increase the carbon content of the plant matter and drive out more of its moisture content [13]. Scientists classify coal according to its fixed carbon content [14], or the amount of carbon the coal produces when heated under controlled conditions. Higher grades of coal have a higher fixed carbon content.

  1. Mineral matter Coal combustion products

  2. Modes of occurrence of trace elements in coal

  3. Health impacts of the elements in coal

  4. A current volcanic related project topic

NOTES TO THE TEXT

报 告 人:David French教授 澳大利亚新南威尔士大学

[1] organic rock:有机岩